Which of the following does the electorate consist of?
a. citizens eligible to vote. b. the people who vote in an election. c. people who live in a defined region. d. citizens over the age of eighteen. e. all citizens.
It would be a good idea for you to look in your textbook or in your lecture notes for this answer. The reason for this is that “electorate” is a term that can be used in many ways, depending on the context.
Of the choices that you have given here, both A and B show definitions of “electorate” that can often be seen in American political writing. For example, in this link, we can see a discussion of the “rising American electorate.” This source goes on to tell us that much of the rising American electorate is not registered to vote. That means that B is clearly not the sense in which they are using the term. Instead, they are using the term to refer to all those who would be able to vote if they registered. On the other hand, we can see in this link a use of the term “electorate” to mean those people who actually voted in the election.
Thus, the term can be used in both ways. It is likely that your book or teacher uses it in one of these two ways and you will need to determine which of those it is.