Elaborate on the five-factor model of trait personality theory.
In 1992 Costa and McCrea published their Five Factor Model (FFM) or so called “Big 5” broad categories or dimensions of personality types. The authors sought to explain certain academic behaviors based on personality type.
The five factors are represented by the mnemonic “OCEAN” and are as follows:
Openness: curious, likes novelty and variety
Conscientiousness: disciplined, organized and goal-driven
Extraversion: assertive, talkative, sociable
Agreeableness: cooperative, helpful, sympathetic toward others
Neuroticism: anxious, impulsive, emotionally unstable
Here are the academic behaviors associated with the five personality traits:
O: curiosity and appreciation of art, variety and adventure
C: dutiful and self-disciplined
E: energetic, positive, gregarious
A: cooperative and compassionate
N: quick to experience anxiety, depression, anger and vulnerability