The New Jersey plan was a plan of government put forth by the small states. This plan was created in response to the Virginia that benefited the larger states. The New Jersey Plan was designed to benefit the smaller states.
There were several parts to the New Jersey Plan. The New Jersey Plan called for three branches of government. One branch, called the legislative branch, would make the laws. A second branch, called the executive branch, would carry out the laws. The third branch, called the judicial branch, would interpret the laws.
Regarding the legislative branch, the New Jersey Plan called for having one house of Congress. Each state would have equal representation in Congress, unlike the Virginia Plan that called for unequal representation in Congress. The New Jersey Plan also would have had Congress elect an executive branch that would have been very weak and that would be led by more than one person. The Virginia Plan would have had one person leading the executive branch.
The New Jersey Plan differed from the Virginia Plan. It took the Great Compromise by Roger Sherman to work out the differences between the plans. With the Great Compromise, there would be three branches of government. In the legislative branch, one house, the House of Representatives, would have unequal representation while the other house, the Senate, would have equal representation with two senators per state. There would be a President who could be impeached if he broke laws or abused his power.