While it is important to have classroom strategies to enhance gender equality in American, Canadian and other Western classrooms, gender equality in education is a world-wide issue of enormous proportions. Gender equality in education is part of the UN Millennium Goals. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has a specific gender equality plan in place that focuses on education for girls and women: The UNESCO Priority Gender Equality Action Plan 2008-2013 (GEAP). UNESCO's GEAP focuses on gaining the right to be educated for girls and women in those countries and cultures where the right is still withheld:
UNESCO works to promote equal opportunities to quality learning, free from gender-based or other forms of discrimination.
One among many approaches UNESCO takes is working to have gender equality in education promoted in "education laws, policies and plans." In other countries, this means promoting laws, policies and plans that permit for females to be educated. In American/Western education, this may mean promoting gender-specific classes, courses or schools as pohnpei mentioned: promoting all-girl classes, courses, schools.
A second approach is to "address obstacles" preventing gender equality in education. Some of these obstacles in other countries are gender-based violence against girls and women and gender-targeted STDs: "gender-based violence and HIV & AIDS." In American/Western countries, this means combating the sexualization of girls and women, a trend that has accelerated at an increasing rate beginning in the 1980s.
A third approach is to expand opportunities for learning in "both formal and non-formal education." What this means in other countries is opportunities for community learning centers along with institutions for formal education. In American/Western countries this means expanding opportunities for girls and women to be educated in "intimidating" science, math and engineering subjects taught by excellent female instructors in all-female environments.