The dominant mood of Edgar Allen Poe's "The Raven" is melancholic. Stylistically, this mood is created by the unusual metrical pattern of stanzas consisting of five lines of trochaic octameter, followed by a refrain of catalectic trochaic tetrameter.
Th narrator creates mood by literary devices known as the "pathetic fallacy" and "naturalistic fallacy", attributing human attributes and his own moods to inanimate or external objects. The midnight is described as "dreary", December "bleak", the curtains as rustling sadly, and the fire consisting of "dying" embers.
The narrator describes himself as feeling "sorrow for the lost Lenore". The Raven introduces an element of horror, intensifying the sadness of the narrator and his obsessive recall of his dead love. Every element of the poem is one of intense sadness and mourning, with the added sense that the narrator is trapped in his despair and will be able to escape it "nevermore."
The Raven, tells the story of a scholar who encounters a raven that slowly drives him insane. Edgar Allen Poe is well known for creating a melancholy atmosphere in his work. This story is suspenseful and sends shivers down your spine. The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe is very popular because it creates a feeling of despair from losing something very close to you. It allows readers to follow a character through drastic changes. Many readers can connect with these feelings because they may be experiencing some of these same problems themselves.