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It really depends on which section of the independence movement you are looking at, but from the question, it would appear that the answer you are looking for is the urban elites educated in the West. They were the first leaders in the Indian National Congress and brought about much of the early moves that started India down the road towards ending British Rule. As with most revolutions or power struggles, it took those who had some access to the levers of power to affect change while they depended on popular support to back up their moves.
The closest answer to the question would be A, Urban elites educated in the west, although this might not be entirely true. Most of India’s nationalistic leaders were educated but not all of them got their education in the west. Some of the notable national leaders include:
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who was also known as the Father of Indian unrest by the British. Tilak was a strong supporter of self rule. He was born in a Chitpavan Brahmin family considered by other Brahmins as a lower caste. He studied and graduated from Deccan College in Pune, India.
Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi, known for his non-violent and civil disobedience activities that helped his country achieve independence, Mahatma, was born in a merchant caste family and studied law at the Inner Temple in London.
Abul Kalam Azad, born in a family of scholars and soldiers in Mecca, was a determined student who mastered six languages. He strongly opposed British rule in India.
Ghaffar Khan, born to a prosperous family in Peshawar Valley, he attended the British run Edward’s mission school. He founded the Khudai Khidmatgar, which was a group of people who came together to non-violently oppose British rule and oppression.
Other nationalistic leaders include; Dr. Rajendra Prasad (first President of the Republic of India), C. Rajagopalachari, K.B. Hedgewar and Jawaharlal Nehru (first Prime Minister of India).
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