Dystopian novels often paint a frightening image of the future. Discuss this in relation to Brave New World.

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In his classic novel Brave New World,Aldous Huxley portrays the World State as a dystopian nation which is completely controlled by the ruling government, and citizens lack basic individual freedoms, like the right to think freely, express their opinions, reject the popular culture, or reach their potential. Although...

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In his classic novel Brave New World, Aldous Huxley portrays the World State as a dystopian nation which is completely controlled by the ruling government, and citizens lack basic individual freedoms, like the right to think freely, express their opinions, reject the popular culture, or reach their potential. Although the World State has been programmed to please every citizen and eradicate all suffering through genetic engineering, psychological conditioning, and use of prescription medications, the most intelligent, sympathetic character in the novel commits suicide. The population consists of clones, and individuality is virtually nonexistent. Conformity is required in the World State, and each citizen belongs to a specific caste, which determines the trajectory of their life. Social mobility does not exist, and citizens are conditioned to be content with their occupations and social standing.

Knowledge, wisdom, art, and intellectual pursuits are also prohibited in the World State, where the culture is superficial, materialistic, and shallow. In the World State, citizens' negative emotions are suppressed through the use of soma, and being alone is discouraged. For unique, intelligent individuals like John the Savage, Helmholtz Watson, and, to a certain extent, Bernard Marx, the World State is a dystopia where they are not free to express themselves or experience humanity as intended.

In chapters 16 and 17, Mustapha Mond, who is one of the ten World Controllers, explains why family, religion, art, and intellectual freedoms do not exist in the World State, which is a lecture that John the Savage finds disturbing. The World State's primary concern is stability and comfort, and in order to achieve these fundamental elements, the controllers had to eliminate essential aspects of humanity which are inherently pleasing and fulfilling to individuals. By presenting a seemingly utopian society where pain and discomfort do not exist, Huxley brilliantly creates a dystopian nation where individuality, nobility, and heroism are prohibited.

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