There was no single event that proved to be a turning point during World War II. The tide began to turn for the Axis powers in 1942 when the Japanese navy was manhandled in the Battle of the Coral Sea; at Midway; and, in early 1943, at Guadalcanal. German advances in North Africa were reversed at the battles of El Alamein. Perhaps the biggest single setback for the Axis was the ill-fated decision by Adolf Hitler to invade Russia, and the costly battles around Stalingrad, which cost Germany more than 800,000 casualties. The successful Allied invasion of Sicily in 1943 eventually forced Italy to sign an armistice, and the Soviet victory at Kursk ended any German hopes of conquering (or even withstanding) the Russians. The Allied invasion of France in 1944 proved to be the beginning of the end for Germany.