There are a number of reasons why the Spanish left Cebu and went north to Manila. Among them are:
- Trouble in Cebu. Legazpi and the other Spaniards faced problems with the Filipinos in Cebu. There had been cultural misunderstandings and other conflicts and the relationship was breaking down.
- Threat of the Portuguese. The Portuguese claimed the region and would attack the Spaniards. These attacks made the Spanish feel insecure in Cebu.
- What they had heard about Manila. They heard that Manila was a rich place with a good harbor that could be easily defended. These atttributes made it seem appealing to them.