Which of the following was true of the rights of African-Americans, in the late 19th century, especially in the South?
African American rights
A. finally began to improve.
B. was serverely curtailed through segregation and disenfranchisement.
C. were somewhat worse than before, but would soon return to equality.
D. included all of the above.
My answer for this is A.
If we really are talking about the late 19thcentury and not the late 20th, A is not the correct answer. Instead, the best answer is B.
The late 19th century was not a time of improvement for African American rights. African Americans had had some rights during Reconstruction, but those rights disappeared when Reconstruction ended in 1877. After that, the era of Jim Crow soon began. This was the era of legal segregation in much of American, particularly in the South. The main court case, Plessy v. Ferguson, which allowed segregation was decided in 1896. Blacks were also denied the right to vote through a number of legal stratagems. Therefore, B is the right answer.