Which of the following is true of farmers in the 1920s in the United States?
During the 1920s, farmers
a. were the only group not to experience the prosperity of the decade. b. led the way in expansion and profit. c. increased in number as more and more Americans left the cities in the 'Back to the Farm' movement d. experienced all the above.
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The only possible answer to this question is A.
First, you should note that A and B directly contradict one another. It is important to notice this sort of thing as a test-taking strategy. This tells you that "All of the above" cannot be right, narrowing your choices to three.
Another hint is that B and C are similar. "Expansion" and "increased in number" mean very similar things. This should make you suspicious.
Finally, your knowledge of the 1920s should tell you that A is correct. It may be a little overstated to say that farmers were the "only" group not to experience prosperity. However, it is clearly correct to say that farmers did not prosper during this decade. The farm sector experienced tremendous difficulties even as much of the rest of the economy boomed.
Last year, when I studied American history I read in the text book about how famers did not "experience the prosperity of the decade."
During a dinner conversation, I mentioned this fact to my grandfather; and he told me that his grandfather said that my great grandfather's farm did well during the 1920's, but it never made any money during the 1930's. The breadwinner for the farm was Angus Cattle in Southeast Missouri. Of course, I thought cattle came from Texas, California, and Wyoming; but that is another over simplification.
If the farm had not made money in the 1920's, my great grandfather would have lost the farm, like in The Grapes of Wrath, in the 1930's.
Maybe farmers prospered less than other people in the 1920's, but maybe they prospered more than farmers in the 1930's. To have a real undestanding of the facts, it might be worth further study.
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