In at least 250 words and using one properly cited and listed reference:
2. What is the relationship and impact that scarce resources have on administrative ethics?
2A. Who or what will direct the emergence of future health care ethical issues in America or worldwide?
If it were not for the fact that resources are scarce, health care administrators would have very little in the way of challenges. If there were so many resources available that every patient could have the best of care while the hospital remained profitable, ethics would not be an issue. However, resources are limited, thus forcing administrators to face ethical dilemmas.
Perhaps the clearest example of such dilemmas is the need to balance the hospital’s profitability against the desire to give all patients the best possible care. The administrator has an ethical duty to keep the hospital profitable. If the hospital gives every patient the best of care but then goes out of business, it will end up helping fewer people than if it stays in business by rationing care. On the other hand, denying care to a patient who cannot pay is something that seems unethical. The same is true of, for example, declining to order a test that may or may not be necessary simply because you do not want costs to rise. This is an issue that only arises because resources are limited.
We live in an era when patients want more and more in the way of care. At the same time, we also live in a world where resources are scarce. This forces administrators to face ethical dilemmas all the time.