Draw condensed structural formula to illustrate production of chloroethane from ethane.
Chloroethane, or monochloroethane, is commonly known by it's old name, ethyl chloride. The chemical formula for chloroethane is C2H5Cl (subscripts). Chloroethane was once used widely in producing tetraethyllead, a gasoline additive. Chloroethane is colorless, flammable, can be a gas or refrigerated liquid, and has a slightly seet odor. The equation for the production of chloroethane is shown below:
C2H4 + HCl (subscripts) ---> C2H5Cl (subscripts)
The condensed formula would be:
H H H Cl
C = C + H-Cl ----> H - C - C - H
H H H H
Chloroethane is currently being phased out of use in gasoline production. In most industrial gasoline production, demand for chloroethan has fallen sharply. Other uses are as a refrigerant, aerosol spray propellant, anesthetic, and a blowing agent for foam packaging.