During the investigation in 'The Speckled Band' Holmes uses deductive reasoning to solve the murder. Please give five examples of...

During the investigation in 'The Speckled Band' Holmes uses deductive reasoning to solve the murder. Please give five examples of this.




this is the actual story!

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Expert Answers
janihash24 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

One of the first things Holmes does upon arriving in the vicinity of Stoke Moran is to look at the will. He ascertains that if both the sisters had married, Dr. Roylott would be left with "a mere pittance." This establishes a strong motive.

Then he takes a look at the scaffolding left outside the house and notes, "There does not seem to be any very pressing need for repairs at that end wall." Miss Roylott confirms there were none and that she believes the so-called repairs were an excuse to move her from her room into the room of her murdered sister. This establishes method. He then discovers that the bell rope in that room "is a dummy"—in other words, it is not connected to another bell to summon the servants; again, this leads to cogitation about method. He sees the saucer of milk. They do not keep a cat, so what purpose does it serve? The bed is clamped to the floor, meaning Miss Roylott cannot shift its position. Again, Holmes is determining method.

The third component, opportunity, is always there, as Miss Roylott's forced removal into her sister's old room puts her directly adjacent to the doctor's, and she remarks that she has smelled cigar smoke coming through the connecting ventilator.

At the end of the story, after Dr. Roylott has attempted the second murder and been, as Shakespeare would say, hoist by his own petard, Holmes explains that once he had seen all these clues, and knowing already that the doctor had lived in India and had access to animals from India, "the idea of a snake instantly occurred to me."

kiwi eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Sherlock Holmes discovers a myriad of clues to ascertain the guilt of Dr Roylott and his evil scheme.Here are a few of the key points.

 Firstly, he has a proclivity towards aggression. Helen says that he has a ‘violence of temper approaching to mania’ which indicates he is capable of murder.

 He has had a ‘long residence in the tropics’ which has given him chance to familiarise himself with the strange creatures therein. We are told he has ‘a passion also for Indian animals’ and keeps several on the property.

 Helen reveals the strange issue of the ‘whistle in the dead of the night’ which her sister Julia reported to her before her death, and which she hears before she contacts Holmes.

 Holmes discovers that Roylott would be destitute without his stepdaughters. –

 ‘if both girls had married, this beauty would have had a mere pittance, while even one of them would cripple him to a very serious extent.’

 Holmes expects that there have been adaptations to Helen’s room which will point to the source of the mystery. These three factors give him his final pieces to the puzzle-

 The lady could not move her bed. It must always be in the same relative position to the ventilator and to the rope -- or so we may call it, since it was clearly never meant for a bell-pull."

I hope this helps!



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The Adventure of the Speckled Band

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