The point of view in this short story is that of a narrator who speaks in the third person. The narrator is not involved in the story in any way.
In terms of its emotion, the point of view for this story is really quite lacking in emotion. The narrator does not seem to have any real feeling about what is going on.
When you combine these things, it helps make the story seem even more terrible than it might otherwise. You have this narrator who just tells what is happening in this really matter-of-fact way, as if nothing big were going on. Yet what is going on is really terrible.
The point of view from the narrator is the idea that the lottery will be a good thing. The narrator supports this by sharing details of how the people are gathering and talking about farming, the children are playing and collecting rocks, and there is a sense of festivity in the air. People even rush to get to the event and they greet each other in a happy and excited manner.
The point of view changes as Tessie's family is narrowed down. She becomes aware that one of them will be chosen. The narrator then presents her point of view. Tessie is panicked when her name is chosen. She desperately tries to get out of being the winner but to no avail. She is stoned to death.
The reader’s point of view has changed from seeing the lottery as a good event to identifying the lottery as a horrible event.
Point of view or view point is something related to your feeling or belief about a certain matter.
There are different view points from one to another.
Your view point about a certain thing may be based on your previous experiences or religions.