When do you cite sources? I don't understand this question, could someone help? The question is "In your own words, "list" the five times you need to cite sources", then it list 5 sources, that's...

When do you cite sources?

I don't understand this question, could someone help?

The question is "In your own words, "list" the five times you need to cite sources", then it list 5 sources, that's the confusing part.  Could someone help out? thanks. (please be brief)

Whenever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source. The following situations almost always require citation:

1. Whenever you use quotes

2. Whenever you paraphrase

3. Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed

4. Whenever you make specific reference to the work of another

5.  Whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas

Asked on by readeal3

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Top Answer

litteacher8's profile pic

litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

I think this question is asking you to take the information and put it in your own words.  I can see how the way the question is asked is confusing.  Basically, the way I interpret the question is that it is giving you some information and asking you to put it in your own words.  That’s why they have made them in a nice neat list for you like this. I suspect that’s why it asks you for five ways, and then gives you five ways.  The question author wants you have the information first.  I will try to be brief, but make sure you have all you need to understand.

First of all, whenever you use an idea that is not originally your idea, you need to give credit to the person whose idea you used.  This is known as citation, or citing the source.  The “source” is the person whose idea it was.  These are the situations that need citation.

1. “Whenever you use quotes” means that whenever you borrow someone’s words word for word, meaning you quote their work, you of course have to tell everyone whose words you used.

2. “Whenever you paraphrase” means whenever you take someone else’s words and put those words in your own words, meaning you borrow the words and change the words a bit here and there, using synonyms and changing the word order.  When you paraphrase, you are still borrowing the idea, so you still have to give credit to the author.

3. “Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed” means that someone else already used the idea, someone else already said the idea (that’s what “expressed” means, so the idea is not originally and wholly yours, and therefore you borrowed it and if you do not give credit to the author you are stealing it and plagiarizing it.

4. “Whenever you make specific reference to the work of another” means whenever you talk about someone else’s work, or ideas, you have to mention that person.  It makes sense, of course, to credit the author of the idea you are talking about.

5.  “Whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas” means that if someone else’s idea gave you an idea, you need to credit the original idea as being the idea that gave you your idea.

Sources:
rachellopez's profile pic

rachellopez | Student, Grade 12 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted on

I feel like the question is just asking you to paraphrase when you would site a source. You cite sources when you use a saying, idea, piece of literature, etc. that belongs to someone else. Basically, if the idea is not your own you have to tell your readers that it isn't and where they can find more about it. To site sources you can do it within the piece or at the end in a bibliography. If you are siting in something you have written, you would put it in parentheses after the sentence you used the quote or reference and include the authors name and page (basically what you know about its origin whether it is a book title, author or line) and then add the period afterwards. Maybe, since it has given you five sources, they want you to give an example for each time you must site the source. For the first one you could write a quote and then put the author in parentheses afterwards.

Top Answer

amysor's profile pic

amysor | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted on

You cite a source whenever you use outside information or any idea that is not yours. Anything that is not original, you must cite. It can range from a quote to a fact, but it is very important you cite. If you do not give credit where credit is due, then you are plagiarising. Plagiarising is illegal, and can get you in big trouble. There are many ways to cite. You can add a note on the bottom of the page, in parentheses, etc. It really depends on what you prefer and what is required. For example, MLA Format is very strict with citations. They use parentheses to refer to location, which is in detail in the biblography. A biblography is a list of citations at the end, and is one way to cite your text. To make a biblography, there websites such as easybib.com that do the work for you.

Wiggin42's profile pic

Wiggin42 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 2) Valedictorian

Posted on

The question wants you to take the 5 bullet-ed list items and paraphrase it in your own words: 

1. Whenever you use quotes
Whenever you take another author's writing and copy it down word for word. 

2. Whenever you paraphrase
Whenever you take a summary of another author's writing and add it to your own work. 

3. Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed
Whenever you use an argument that is attributed to someone else in your own work. 

4. Whenever you make specific reference to the work of another
Whenever you refer to another author's writing

5.  Whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas
Whenever someone has shaped your own ideas. 

CaitlynnReeves's profile pic

CaitlynnReeves | Student, Grade 12 | (Level 1) Salutatorian

Posted on

Citing sources is SO important! Plagiarism is at an all time high and universities are really cracking down on it. Getting used to citing your sources early can prevent uncomfotable situations in the future. 

You should ALWAYS have a bibliography when writing an academic paper. 

A source should be cited when: 1) a person, work, paper, or website is quoted . 

                                             2) a fact or information in your paper comes          from one of the afore mentioned places 

                                            3) If you paraphrase a source 

Number 3 can be really tricky so pay close attention to your wording. Just because you rephrased something does not make it your own. If the thought is not your own 100% original idea it needs to have a source cited somewhere.

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