Guide to Literary Terms

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I don't understand what a literature allusion is. Can someone please explain it to me?

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An allusion is a reference to another person, place, event or literary work in a piece of art or literature. We see allusions all over the place, often to classic literature and mythology. However, allusions can be used in common everyday speeches, movies, and television shows as well. For example, in Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech (which was delivered on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial), he states, "Five score years ago." This is an allusion to Abraham Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address" which famously begins: "Four score and seven years ago."

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