Does Shakespeare use any figurative language in Sonnet 138?
Figurative language is language beyond the dry and literal words we might find in a tax summary or a scientific report that only recorded facts. Figurative language, in contrast, adds a layer of color and enhances the meaning of a written work. Shakespeare does use figurative language in Sonnet 38.
For example, Shakespeare uses alliteration, which is when words that begin with the same consonant are placed in close proximity. This adds a pleasing sense of rhythm to a poem, as well as placing added emphasis on the alliterative words. An example would be in lines 12 and 13 in the repeated "l" sounds:
love loves not to have years told.Therefore I lie with her ...
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