Does Homer condemn or praise war in The Iliad? How does Homer view war?

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Homer's view of war is suitably ambiguous. He's unstinting in his praise for individual acts of courage and valor on both sides. But at the same time, we are left in no doubt that war is a terrible business, one that causes immense human suffering. It's interesting that for Homer the gods are often much more warlike than the mortals. Each god or goddess takes sides in the conflict, and has his or her own favorite warrior, whom they frequently intervene to protect. The gods are not so much immoral, as amoral. They look upon war as a gigantic game: an endless source of amusement to relieve them of the boredom of immortality.

The Trojans and the Greeks are both tired after years of bloody conflict. Paris seeks to break the deadlock by challenging any Achaean warrior to a duel that will end the war once and for all. Menelaus comes forward to accept Paris' brash, impetuous challenge. In the ensuing duel, Menelaus is the undoubted victor, a fact acknowledged by Father Zeus himself. Yet Hera...

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