Globalisation definitely affects culture and literature. The trouble is that poor people, such as the peasants of China, need money for the technology to access all the literature by different authors in different languages across the internet. People can even read novels, poetry, short stories, songs, and plays online now. if they want to read one from another country- well, all they have to do is press google translate. This isn't always word-perfect however. A person in India can read Dostoyevski or Chekhov in his own language and vice-versa - a Russian student can look up Indian authors on the internet. Another huge progression is online studying. This is opening new doors and opportunities for students globally.
It does indeed. Just take a look at the new stories coming out about situations in the East and Middle East such as Kite Runner, The Namesake, and Reading Lolita in Tehran. Add to that the movies in theatres which deal with situations of the same kind. Bollywood, the Indian Hollywood is one of the biggest movie markets in the world (by far better than many Hollywood movies), and Independent Movie Makers are finally moving away from making movies in English, and they let all cultural aspects of their ethnic backgrounds take full action in their movies.
People are now more aware of similarities among cultures, instead of differences. This is because, though the Internet, and literature, we encounter so much information about the lifestyles of other cultures that our best choice is not to focus on whats different, but try to connect with what is alike.
It is a beautiful thing what Globalization can do, and it certainly can help us move forward towards the future.
Of course globalization affects culture. As people become exposed to things from other countries, their culture inevitably changes. Let me give you two examples from my own experience:
- I enjoy watching Japanese TV dramas as a way of helping me learn the language. (My being able to do this is globalization in its own right...) In the show, the Japanese actors use all kinds of English words even though there are Japanese words for similar concepts.
- Going the other way around, many of my students are interested in the English Premier League (football/soccer). This would never have been possible in my generation. It shows that globalization can even affect a more "dominant" culture like that of the US.
The impact of globalization on culture and literature is quite significant. As ideas and beliefs are spread to more parts of the world through information technology and wider access, what has been traditionally defined as "culture" and "literature" begins to undergo change as newer understandings are integrated into traditional conceptions of the good. This creates a new vision of what culture envelops and how literature is reflected. With globalization, it is nearly impossible to stop the spread of ideas, for its very nature brings to light the inter-connectivity of all individuals. Due to this, the changing conceptions of literature and culture is almost inevitable in my mind.