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One major critique leveled at the twentieth-century feminist movements in North America, Britain, and Europe is that they addressed, to a large degree, the concerns of white, middle-class women rather than responding to the needs of women of color and women living in poverty. One of the major ways that feminism evolved towards the end of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first century was by becoming more responsive to diverse ethnicities and cultural identities, especially by linking patriarchy to issues of colonialism, economic oppression, and ethnicity.
The movement known as Latina or Chicana feminism specifically addresses the intersection of Latina ethnicity and feminism. These movements evolved within the context of movements advocating Chicano and Latino civil rights, which many Latinas argued ignored the issues of their double oppression as women as well as ethnic minorities just as white feminism failed to address their oppression as ethnic minorities as well as women. Much of Latina feminism is international, addressing both the concerns of Latin Americans within their own countries and Latin American immigrants in other countries.
In recent years, feminism has become increasingly sensitive to interlocking forms of oppression, and addresses issues of social class and ethnicity as associated with issues of gender rather than as something separate.
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