Is the ending of Animal Farm pessimistic or optimistic?

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The ending of Animal Farm is extremely pessimistic. The animals have traded a more lenient owner (Jones) for a brutal dictator (Napoleon ) and their lives are harder than ever before. All the promises of a brighter future have been betrayed. They work as hard or harder for Napoleon than they did for Jones, and the pigs have become surrogate humans. The pigs now control the animals, and have mostly convinced them that they are being oppressed...

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