What two categories do lifestyle changes fall under?
I'm studying for a multiple choice exam and one of the pointers for the exam is: Know what lifestyle change involves (the two categories that lifestyle changes fall under).
**I imagine there could be several ways a textbook or teacher could categorize "lifestyle changes" so my first advice is to double check the text that will be tested, your notes, or another student's notes. Very often, teachers give an exam study guide that is specific to class discussion, lecture notes, and the text.**
Generally speaking, in psychology, lifestyle changes are often categorized as either health attitudes or health behavior. Making a change in health attitudes is a mental change while a change in health behavior is a physical change. It is noted that behavioral lifestyle changes often cannot be sustained unless a change in attitude occurs first.
An example of this is the common desire to lose weight. It is common knowledge that short term dieting is not a permanent solution to obesity. Dieting typically means abstaining from or limiting certain foods. Let us use carbohydrates as an example. Cutting out carbohydrates is a behavioral change that often results in immediate weight loss, but the weight comes back as soon as the diet ends. The health attitude, in this case, only considered caloric intake in the process of losing weight.
In order to make a complete lifestyle change here, the health attitude must encompass more than simply cutting out carbohydrates for a while. The health attitude change would look at overall healthy eating habits (not just foods to avoid, but foods to increase, times to eat, number of calories per meal, eating from a every food group, etc.), exercise habits, sleep habits, stress levels, and outside factors such as smoking and drinking. When making a lifestyle change to lose weight and keep it off, it is more effective to consider the healthy attitude that will then sustain the behavioral changes.