The protagonists in "Bartleby the Scrivener" by Herman Melville "Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka could easily be compared and contrasted. While both protagonists lead monotonous lives, Bartleby's passive defiance of with the words "I would prefer not to" demonstrates refusal to contribute to be a part of his community. Bartleby chooses not to work and shows no sympathy for his employer or his fellow workers who must take over his duties.
On the other hand, Gregor, the protagonist in "Metamorphosis", does care and does want to be a part of his community. When he realizes he is unable to get up for work, Gregor's mind races. Seemingly unconcerned about becoming an insect, Gregor worries endlessly about being late for work. When he can't, his family complains, neglects him, and his sister ultimately sending him away when he ventured from his room one night to listen to his sister play her violin. The refusal of the family to include him suggests that this is what ultimately causes Gregor's death.