In the novel The Lord of the Flies, one could make the argument that things would have turned out differently if the characters had been girls instead of boys.
Let’s consider that the book was published over half a century ago. I think we can safely infer that adolescent British girls were probably less competitive and more refined than boys were. I think that, for a good long while anyway, that the girls would have abstained from breaking into contentious factions. I think they also would have been less likely begin to develop a primitive, superstitious religion.
The girls would have been less likely to hunt, which was part of what brought out the violent and superstitious behavior in the boys.
Over time, however, if they were not rescued, they may have begun to show the traits that the boys showed in the novel.