Why is it necessary for a bill to go through so many steps to become a law?

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There are, in theory, ten potential steps a bill can go through before it becomes law. Although a president, a member of cabinet or head of a federal agency may propose a bill, only a member of Congress can introduce it. Once the bill has been so introduced, it is referred to a committee who then carefully scrutinises the bill and determines if it can be passed. If the committee does not act on it, the bill dies.

A bill is often referred to a subcommittee for hearing and examinations. The hearings give an opportunity for the opinions of others to be recorded. Such parties may be experts, members of the executive branch, other public officials and opponents or supporters of the proposed legislation.

It should, at this point, already be evident why a bill has to undergo so many processes. All of the parties already involved at this relatively early stage can scrutinise the bill from top to bottom to ensure that all those who may be affected (which may be the entire populace) by its...

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