Do you think that the Christian Knights were successful in their Crusades?

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"Crusade" means "going to the cross." These wars of the Middle Ages were an effort by Christendom to reclaim the Holy Land from Muslim forces who controlled the territory. Begun by Pope Urban II in 1045, there were four in sum:

The First Crusade (1045): This Crusade was a success...

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"Crusade" means "going to the cross." These wars of the Middle Ages were an effort by Christendom to reclaim the Holy Land from Muslim forces who controlled the territory. Begun by Pope Urban II in 1045, there were four in sum:

The First Crusade (1045): This Crusade was a success for the Christian Armies as they gained the key city of Jerusalem.

The Second Crusade (1145): This Crusade is considered a failure. The Crusaders from France and Germany were unable to take the city of Damascus. Eventually Jerusalem would fall back into Muslim control.

The Third Crusade (1189): This Crusade features two of the most famous figures of the era: Richard the Lionheart from England, and the Muslim leader Saladin. This Crusade had marginal success, and some hearty failures. The Holy Roman Emperor, Frederik Barbarossa, drowned on the journey so most of the German soldiers turned around and went home. This Crusade saw the Christian Armies take the cities of Acre and Jaffa, but failed to re-capture Jerusalem. A compromise with Saladin allowed unarmed Christian Pilgrims to visit the city of Jerusalem.

The Fourth Crusade (1202): The failure of the Third Crusade to take Jerusalem prompted the Fourth Crusade. This Crusade featured a diversion to sack the city Constantinople, sealing the split between the Eastern and Western Churches.

Another event called the Children’s Crusade in 1212 failed to conquer territory and resulted in thousands of children dying or being sold into slavery.

There were subsequent, minor Crusades after this, but none were successful. In sum, the goal of the Crusades, being to take the Holy Land from the Muslims, was a failure. The last stronghold of Christianity in the region fell in 1212.

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