The French and Indian WarI would like some information about the French and Indian War. I am in 5th grade home schooled.
The French and Indian War was fought between England and France 1754-1763 here in America. It was known in Europe as the Seven Years' War and this war had a tremendous effect on colonial America. The colonists were angry because the war was fought very close to their colonies and they did not want fighting so close to their homes. In 1763 England won the war but the king realized that he had spent almost all of his money fighting the war so he decided that if he charged the colonies that belonged to England extra money for the things they bought from England he could gain some of his money back for England. The colonists did not like this decision because they were not asked if this would be okay. The colonists tried to explain that what England was doing was not fair but the king and England would not listen to them. This problem between the colonists and their country England was started by the French and Indian War and led to the American Revolution.
France and England went to war in North America over control of the Ohio Valley. France already had a few small colonies in the Ohio Valley and claimed it as her own, but because the number of Frenchmen there was so small American colonists had begun speculating in land there, and so Britain was claiming the Ohio Valley as her own, and various of the American colonies were claiming one piece or another of the Ohio Valley and the Upper Mid-West, as their own. Britain did not want France as a competitor on the North American continent.
The French and Indian War began when a small force of Virginians under Col. George Washington entered the Ohio Valley and was defeated by a force of French and Indians.
You can Google "Braddock's Defeat" and "Battle of Quebec 1759."
France and England were the two most powerful countries in the world in those days. They were competing with each other all over the world to have the most colonies and the most power. During the 1750s and '60s, they had a war called the Seven Years War that was really just about each side trying to get more power. The French and Indian War was part of that bigger war.
So it was really just about two countries trying to get more power. Having bigger colonies in America was one way to get power, so they fought over the colonies in America.
British Colonists wanted to take over French land in North America and the British wanted to take control of the fur trade in the French held territories. Native Americans fought with the French because they feared the British would take their land from them. As a reuslt of the Peace Treaty following the war the British gained control of most of the French Territory in North America, they also began taxing the colonists to pay for the war.
North America and the British colonies at the time were a big economic prize, as Britain was making a lot of money off of the crops that were grown here, and the resources like timber and iron. So France wanted to defeat their old enemy because they hated the British, and they wanted to take over the money making colonies she owned then. That was the major reason they went to war in North America.
For the British it was mostly about controlling the new lands discovered in North America and expanding the colonies it controlled. The French were interested in expanding their fur trade south from Canada.