Do you find in Defoe's apparently artless style a cunning deliberation, a power of irony and conscious mastery of narrative?Substantiate your answer.

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sullymonster eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Defoe was a very talented writer.  He makes this story a fictional autobiography in order to increase the importance of Crusoe's life.  To support the illusion that it is an autobiography, Defoe writes it as a journal, as if the "real" Crusoe is recording his life story.

This illusion of a real Crusoe is established by the presence of a preface to the journal.  In that, Crusoe asserts that he aims to "justify and honour the wisdom of Providence in all the variety of our circumstance."  Defoe has now not only established the solidity of his narrator, but giving the story a religious overtone.  he cleverly supports the spiritual nature of the story by imitating the styles of many recorded religious texts.  He uses the form of journal, popular with the Puritans.  He guides the story of Crusoe in the style of a pilgrimage, showing how this character goes through trials to discover and assert his spirituality.  Defoe presents God as an intervening force in Crusoe's life to reassert that "Providence" is guiding the protagonist.  And, of course, Defoe makes the whole story an allegory, giving Crusoe's life tale a spiritual/moral message for readers.