Do the wealthy nations of the world (such as the United States) have an obligation to assist the less wealthy nations in the development and implementation of programs and technology to reduce pollution and take other measures to help the environment? Please defend your position.
Is there an obligation to help? No. Would it be in everyone's best interest for wealthy nations to aid poorer nations? Absolutely. How best to aid them? Trade. How best to improve environmental issues? Once again, trade. Currently Japan is aiding China in pollution control, to the benefit of both -- Japan exports its technology, China improves its citizen's health. The toxic toy problem a while back is another example -- Citizens in the US will not buy lead painted toys (Although to be fair, the US had lead paint on its toys for many years. But we have since learned better, and raised the standard of children's health in doing so. ) If China wants to trade toys, it had better change its manufacturing process. Healthy trade will do more good for more people more quickly than any government incentive or program. On a more local level, the same can be said of putting your money where your mouth is regarding environmental issues by consciously purchasing the more expensive, but less polluting products. "Charity begins at home."
Well when it comes to the most developed nations that are the ones that contribute the most to global warming, they definitely have a responsibility to help reduce carbon emissions. Also the wealthy nations such as the United States do have an obligation to give aid to other underdeveloped nations. We live in a "flat world", and we can all benefit from helping out the lesser developed nations so that we can eventually trade with them.
There is no obligation for wealthy nations to assist the development of less wealthy nations. International trade and maximizing resources will take care of that. If poorer nations can't utilize their resources for whatever reason, any assistance given to them will probably be used inefficiently. As long as I can remember, giving aid to say African nations has not resulted in much further progress for them. The development has to come from within.
There is no obligation for wealthy Nation of the World to assist less wealthy nations in anything.
At times some nations may assist other nations just out of feeling of brothrhood among that exist between people of the nations involved.
But usually countries help other countries to achieve their own political and economical goals.
Take for example the case of pollution. The developed countries are the worst offenders in terms of global warming gases released per capital. But they cannot reduce their own levels of pollution so easily and economically. Thus when they provide help to less developed countries to reduce pollution, they are also trying to solve their own problems.
I am not saying that help from developed countries is not useful to to the recipient country. I am only saying that it is mutually helpful.