Do different societies require different amounts of societal resources?
I would say that the answer to this is in the affirmative. Different societies will require different amounts of social resources based on nothing more than size. Take, for example, the issue of China and India. Both nations have over a billion people... EACH. This simply means that they will need resources to cover their vast amount of people. Such a reality not only makes them attractive markets, but massive consumers of resources. Businesses can covet these markets imagining what profit motives would be if each person in each country bought their product. 2 billions bottle of Coke consumed daily can only drive executives to conjure up images in their mind of early retirement and dedicated wings at universities. Yet, the underlying reality to all of this is that nations like China, India, and Brazil will leave a massive footprint on the emerging global economy because their nations will consume more resources than a nation such as Denmark, which "only" has 5.5 million people. These juggernaut nations will be ones where their amount of consumption of resources will be more and vast than other nations, proving that different societies require different amount of social resources.