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This is a good question! In order to have the passive voice, words need to be arranged so that what would ordinarily be the subject in the sentence, the word that performs the action, is relegated to a lesser role, usually an object of a preposition. In the sentence you have provided, the word "you" is implied, and this is the subject of the sentence. If we fill in the implied word, we have:
You do it.
Thus, "you" is the subject, "do" is the verb, and "it" is the object.
Now, how do we make this passive? We make "It" the subject and we put "you" in a prepositional phrase. Because we cannot say "it do," and because even "it does" does not convey the correct meaning, we do have to make a change. How about "It needs doing" or "It needs to be done." Both of these convey the same meaning and preserve the verb. In order to place "you," the original subject, in a prepositional phrase, we can say, "It needs doing by you," or "It needs to be done by you." Now, the original subject has become the object of a prepositional phrase and "it" is the subject.
Do you see how ineffective it can be to write in the passive voice? We do need it sometimes and no writing can avoid it completely, but a statement is usually stronger when written in the active voice. The passive voice is often referred to as "the weaselly passive voice" because if there is no person in the sentence doing something, it seems like that person is avoiding responsibility. Contrast these two statements:
Mistakes were made by me.
I made a mistake.
Which do you feel is the more honest and forthright statement?
It must be done by you.
In order to change a sentence to passive voice, one must employ the verb to be as a helping verb in a verb phrase with the past participle of the main verb. In this way the subject no longer does the action. Instead, it is acted upon. Also, this passive action is often indicated by using the word by +what was the subject in the sentence.
e.g. Maurice mows the lawn on the weekends. (active)
The lawn is mowed on the weekends by Maurice. (passive)
In the sentence "Do it," the subject (you) is understood since the sentence is in the Imperative Mood. And, since the sentence in active voice is imperative, the tone of the passive voice should also convey the imperative, so the helping verb must is added.
it is requested to change this sentence into passive voice.
It can be turned into passive through various ways:
- Let it be done.
- It should be done.
- You are requested/ordered/advised to do it.
The first one is the most widely used method. You use let construction. In the third one, you change voice according to the sense of the sentence. In the second method, you use should be to change the voice.
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