Discuss what attitudes and ideologies legitimate wars and terrorism? What steps could be taken to diminish the possibility of war and terrorist acts?
There are certain parts of the world that have rarely been war free. Look at the Middle East, these countries have been fighting almost forever. War and terrorism is so en-grained in the lives of the people I am not sure it will ever change.
I agree with other editors who have cited the prominence of boundaries and patriotism in generating wars. Certainly I think the rise of globalisation is helping in this regard, but unfortunately there are still some age-old rivalries and some new examples of enmity springing up that are worrying. You only have to look at the recent Koran-burning furore in the States to see that some suspicions and enmities do not die easy, however much globalisation now penetrates boarders.
The previous posts were very strong. I would take it in alternate direction of economics. I think that many terrorist organizations target socially and economically marginalized youth to enlist in their service. Those who use terror as a means of achieving their agenda are extremely skilled at identifying which type of young person would be more likely to be susceptible to embracing their message. If wealthier nations paid more attention to ensuring that the impacts of liberal democracy and capitalism could be felt by all and prevent the consolidation of an underclass that could be so easily plucked by organizations that wish to undermine such structures, it might help reduce the enlistment into terrorist organizations. This alternative is not a panacea to the problem, but does call for healthy reevaluation and reexamination of how the Status Quo addresses the problem at hand.
To me, the only thing that could really diminish the possibility of war and terrorist attacks would be to diminish the salience of nation and religion in people's minds. In other words, we would need to make people stop seeing the world in terms of "us" and "them" where the "them" is people from other countries and religions.
I think that most wars and terrorism come about because people think that their enemies are fundamentally different from them. Therefore, the enemies become less than human -- very different from "us." If this attitude were to go away, wars and terrorism would be much less prevalent.
But how to get people to see one another as similar? I think it just takes time. The world is getting to be more interconnected. I think that these connections will reduce the likelihood of war and terrorism, but these evils are not going to go away in the lifetime of anyone alive today.
I do not believe that terrorism can be justified or considered legitimate on any grounds. A war can be justified when it to defend oneself against a war imposed by others. A justifiable war is fought to protect one's liberties and rights, not to exploit others, to take away from them what is theirs, or to prove your superiority over them.
Several things can be done to diminish the possibility of war and terrorism. First and form most being fair to all people and showing respect for their culture, religion and freedom is very important. This ensures that others are not forced to conduct a war on you to protect their freedom, prosperity and self respect.
Second, an eternal vigilance against disruptive forces which be tempted to create disturbances and ill feeling between different people to serve their selfish motives. It is better to solve any issues in initial stages before they have a chance to blow-up in major conflicts between people.
Finally, developing internal strength and determination to defeat any evil design of others in form of war and terrorism. This means that in case of any actual attacks, one must fight such actions with one's full might and capability. It also means, not making any compromises with the enemy for some limited gains.