the story the holy panchayat has several themes, however it can be arranged into two categories i.e.,central theme and minor themes.
the awakening of self conscience over personal is the central of the story. the author has clarified it by giving the example of the two close friends jumman and algu.
the importance of panchayat also suits the theme. the panchayat acts as an agency which provides justice to the poor rural community who are not wealthy enough to attend the court or durbar too slve their problems. the awakening of friendship, jistice over friendship ans the true meaning also suits the minor themes.