Discuss the literary references in Long Day's Journey into Night.

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The male characters use many allusions in the play. James Tyrone, an actor steeped in knowledge of Shakespeare, has an abundance of quotes at hand, and the family's living room is filled with well-worn (indicating that they have been read) volumes of books from authors such as Shakespeare, Balzac, Poe, and Oscar Wilde. This establishes from the start that this is a literary family, easily able to refer to literature.

Shakespeare allusions abound, taken from Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, The Tempest, Richard III, and Julius Caesar , notably all tragedies, which underscores the tragic pain of this play. The Shakespeare allusions...

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