Discuss the five important family functions. How and why these functions are so important in the healthy development of school-aged children?
The first concerns providing basic resources for all family members. This includes money, housing, clothing, and food. These are the first part of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, and these needs must be met to ensure the survival of school-age children. Parents can also serve as role models in terms of their money management skills.
The second concerns support. The family provides a safe place for the child to go when he/she has had a bad day. It is important that the child feels unconditional love from the family and that he/she is welcomed no matter what has happened during the school day.
The third is life skills development. It is important that young children be sent to school knowing how to dress and feed themselves. The family can also help the student reinforce academic skills learned at school. The family can also help the student develop interests that may lead to a rewarding career path as an adult.
The fourth involves maintaining family discipline. Establishing rules and routines is important for the school-age child to be successful in the classroom and in life.
The fifth involves relationships between martial partners. While this one does not play an overt role in children's lives, adolescents may mirror romantic relationships based on what they see with their parents. Parents who have good relationships with one another can often lead their adolescent children to have healthy relationships.
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