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Discuss the effects of social stratification on learning. Relate it to social mobility. How can a person move up and down in the stratification system?

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Social stratification affects learning by shaping access to schools, educational materials, and social resources. People in higher strata of the social hierarchy can send their children to better-funded public schools or private schools and have ample access to educational materials through libraries and the internet. Stratification also affects social resources,...

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Social stratification affects learning by shaping access to schools, educational materials, and social resources. People in higher strata of the social hierarchy can send their children to better-funded public schools or private schools and have ample access to educational materials through libraries and the internet. Stratification also affects social resources, such as attitudes toward learning and peer interactions, and related social conditions and physical and mental health related to housing, food, and security that are shaped by residential patterns.

In the United States, although all children are entitled to public education, those in higher-income families are likely to receive additional benefits. Parental support among the wealthy applies to curriculum, in-school resources such as school libraries and computer labs, and extracurricular enrichment, including sports, arts programs, and field trips.

One example is Advanced Placement curriculum, which is often available only in schools in high-income neighborhoods. Another aspect is parental encouragement and expectations: children whose parents attended four-year universities are more likely to attend similar institutions, and teachers and counselors are also more likely to recommend that they seek such opportunities, while sometimes discouraging children whose parents' education ended with high school.

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