It is interesting to trace how some of Renaissance and Reformation ideas interact in The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus by Christoper Marlowe.
Protestantism which established itself in England and in other European lands as a result of the Reformation, was even more rigorous on the issue of sin than Catholic theology. Punishment for sin was viewed as a testimony of God's righteous judgment. And in Calvinism in particular, with its doctrine of predestination (which some treat as a Christian version of fatalism), it was regarded as proof of the sinner’s eternal damnation.
Marlowe reportedly felt a special dislike for Protestantism. His aversion to the doctrine of doom may be reflected in Faustus’s consideration of the Bible interpreted in the vein of Protestant theology. He soliloquizes:
If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and there's no...
(The entire section contains 439 words.)