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The Three-Factor Model of multicultural counseling for consumers with disabilties is a general outline for counselors working with consumers of diverse backgrounds. As a framework it is highly adaptible and should be individualized to attend to a particular consumer's needs. Because of this combination of a general outline that can be fine-tuned to suit the particular individuals involved, the Three-Factor Model is mostly successful.
The following could be said to be its three main strengths:
- It prepares the counselor to work with a consumer who does not share the same cultural background as said counselor, including those obstructed by disabilities.
- The model also helps the counselor recognize his/her capability to represent the consumer. Thus, even if the counselor decides he or she is incapable of working with a particular consumer, the model has already done its job in providing the evaluation skills necessary to ensure the best fit, as "if on either dimension the counselor determines that he/she is not equipped to work with a particular consumer, enhanced supervision or referral to another counselor can be arranged" (Lewis).
- The review of the consumer's three critical components ("disability, stage of development, and cultural identity") "is highly related to positive counseling outcomes," meaning the Three-Factor model improves the consumer's likelihood of reaching a positive result (Lewis).
All in all, the Three-Factor Model of multicultural counseling both prepares and equips counselors to work with consumers of diverse backgrounds, helping them "to become more effective in serving [the] underserved and culturally diverse populations" that exist in our society (Lewis).
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