Discuss several differences between monocots and dicots and name a few dicots.

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jerichorayel eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Monocotyledon and dicotyledons are examples of cotyledons which is the embryonic leaf in for the seed-bearing plants. To differentiate the two kinds of cotyledons, it would be better if to define them. Monocot has single cotyledons in the embryo, dicot has two. Monocot has single pore, dicot has three pore in the pollen grain. The flowers that monocot plants produce formed in multiples of three while that of dicot plats forms a multiple of four or five. The major leaf veins of monocot plants are parallel; the dicot plants have reticulated major leaf veins. Monocots have scattered vascular bundles, dicot has ringed vascular bundles. Roots of monocots are adventitious while the dicot forms from the radicle. Dicots do secondary growth while monocots don’t. Examples of monocots are bamboo, orchid, and palm while examples of dicots are rose, oak and pea. 

gsenviro eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Monocots and eudicots (also known as dicots) are two major classes of flowering plants, with monocots producing grains (Corn, wheat, etc.) and eudicots producing fruits and vegetables. The major difference between monocots and eudicots is in their seed structure: monocots have seeds with one cotyledons (hence the name 'mono'), while eudicots have seeds with two cotyledons. In simpler terms, the seeds of monocots have one fruit, while those of eudicots have two. The monocot seed, upon germination, will only result in one shoot, while that of eudicot will result in a shoot that will split into two branches. The nutrient storage portion of seed, the endosperm, is separate from the monocod cotyledon; while in the case of eudicots, endosperm is absorbed into the cotyledon and is not a separate entity in a mature seed. 

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