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The process of a bill becoming a law in Texas is substantially similar to the process in Congress. Bills must be introduced and are then sent to committees to be considered. The bills then return (if they make it that far) to the floor to be debated and voted upon. Bills must, of course, be passed by both houses. Because sessions are short, identical bills are often introduced simultaneously in both houses. If the bills that are eventually passed by the houses are not identical, a conference committee made up of members of both houses must iron out differences and create identical bills that must then be approved by each house.
The governor must then sign the bill in order for it to become law. The governor may also veto the bill. For appropriations bills only, the government has the power of the line-item veto. Vetoes may be overriden by a two-thirds vote of each house.