The origins of the post-WWII youth culture were rooted in the success of the nation. The United States was the strongest power in the world both economically and militarily. People had more discretionary income to spend. There were laws which banned child labor. Many teenagers were able to work part-time jobs but this was for their own spending money. The postwar baby boom also meant that there were more children. Aside from polio, many of these children born to middle-class families enjoyed worry-free lives.
Another thing which fueled the youth culture of time was television. Children were strongly influenced by the new medium. They had more ready access to entertainment. Television also helped to fuel fads such as the hula hoop and the coonskin cap. Radio was also important as it made rock music available to the masses. Music variety shows such as The Ed Sullivan Show allowed children to see and feel a connection with their favorite singers.
The roots of modern youth culture were created from the youth culture of the 1950s. Parents' discretionary income was spent on their children and this helped to create a youth culture that valued consumerism, prosperity, and entertainment.