In addition, Juno meets her life challenges head on. She takes positive steps to "overcome" the obstacles in her path. Holden on the other hand deals with his issues through avoidance. We, the readers, know that it is a defense mechanism for him and not truly a character flaw, but he blames everyone else for his life situations.
Both works are fairly intriguing because the reader is forced to embrace the hero that lies outside of social appreciation. Juno seeks to maintain her sense of uniqueness and distinctive identity despite the fact that she is pregnant and that there are many forces around her which demand for her to conform. Holden is much the same way in that everyone around him, for the most part, indicate to him that conformity has to be embraced for different ends, such as success or happiness. Both Juno and Holden have to fight through what society tells them in order to maintain their own identity. Their senses of self are both rooted in being non- conformist or in being different from what the expectations are in their respective social orders. In this light, part of their own narratives involve the active resistance or distancing from social norms and expectations. In this light, both protagonists are depicted as either being content with their choices of being non- conformist or feel compelled to define themselves in a non- conformist manner.