Toni Morrison employs several narrative strategies in her novel The Bluest Eye. First, the main storyline of the novel is preceeded by a primer that is a play on the Dick and Jane readers which were popular in the 1950's. Morrison uses the primer as a motif throughout the novel to develop various themes in the novel: at the beginning of each chapter, a piece of the primer heads the page to characterize the chapter.
Next, the novel is broken into four parts that correspond with the seasons of the year. However, the seasons begin in autumn when things begin to decay, and this sets the tone for the events to come.
Throughout the novel, Morrison uses much figurative language to develop her story. Metaphors such Pecola's wish for blue eyes allow Morrison to develop theme and purpose.