The only property that is valid for matter as such, without making any distinction based on mass, state, volume, etc. is given by the formula E = m*c^2, where c is the velocity of light. This is the relation between energy and matter and is valid for all matter.
There are also properties of matter that do not depend (unlike mass, volume, and weight) on the amount of the matter that is present.
These properties include such things as the boiling point and freezing point of the substance as well as its conductivity, malleability and ductility. All of these properties are extremely important for technology and engineering because they determine to some extent the kinds of ways in which various substances can be used (for example) in machines.
The most important properties of matter are: mass, volume, weight and density.
The mass is the quantity of matter from an object and it is not changing if the location of the object is changing.
Volume is the characteristic of the matter that shows the space occupied by an object. The volume is changing if the temperature or the pressure are changing. The unit of measure of the volume of a solid object and for gases is cubic meter, for an object in liquid state is liter.
Density is the quantity of mass in the unit of volume [Kg/m^3].