Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad

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Discuss Kurtz' last words in Heart of Darkness.  What is their significance?  How does Marlow interpret them?    

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Kurtz’s last words, “The horror! The horror!” have been widely debated by critics and could have multiple meanings. On the surface, it seems that he is referring to the horrors he has witnessed during his time working in the Congo. He is horrified with imperialism and the exploitation of African people and resources. It could also be that he is horrified with himself and what he has become. From the beginning of the novel, Marlow hints at the psychological changes that take place in a person when they travel into the “heart of darkness,” and it seems Kurtz may be horrified at the changes in his mind and the...

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