Discuss the issues leading up to the American Revolution. What role did the French-Indian War play in the increasing tensions between the two countries? What prompted the British to begin the taxation of the colonies? What effect did the war have on both France and Great Britain? How did these things drive the coming separation between the mother country and her colonies?
The French and Indian War is generally seen as the breaking point between a time when the colonists were relatively happy to be part of the United Kingdom and the time that led up to the American Revolution. The war caused the British to enforce laws more strictly in the colonies and it led them to tax the colonies. Both of these actions led to widespread unhappiness among colonists.
The French and Indian War was a victory for the British in that they were able to eject the French from North America. After that, the French were no longer able to plague the American colonies. However, the war also cost Britain a great deal of money. The British government felt that it should be able to recoup some of that money from the colonists. Because of that, it started to impose more taxes on the colonists. It also became stricter in its enforcement of laws that regulated colonial commerce. Both of these actions angered the colonists. The colonists had become used to being left more or less alone by the British government. When the government started to try to impose its will on them, they felt that it was taking away their established rights and liberties. As the colonists came to feel this way, they protested against British policies. Their protests angered the British government, leading to more regulation, stricter enforcement, and more taxes. This spiral of provocation drove a wedge between the British and the colonies, eventually leading to the Revolutionary War.