Discuss the importance of modernity. Why is modernity important to sociologists?

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In order to answer this question, it would be helpful to have a working definition of what is meant by the term “modernity.” Modernity was an informal way of thinking that was born out of the seventeenth-century European scientific revolution. Philosophers and other thinkers of the age began to eschew both religious dogmatism and moral pragmatism as the dominant concepts used to order human civilization, in favor of something else. Modernity, rather, placed the prerogative for change and improvement of civilization in the hands of human beings themselves. The belief that it was no longer necessary to await God’s divine grace to attain eternal happiness in the afterlife came to be replaced with the attempt to create this utopia on the earth itself and to enjoy the spoils of human labor during one’s own lifetime. Modernist thinkers put a tremendous amount of faith in the power of empirical science and human reason to accomplish in their own societies that which religious men of...

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