Discuss how the problems associated with pumping of the Ogallala Aquifer is symbolic of modern day water resource problems found on Long Island and US Ogallala Aquifer - located in the High Plains of the United States, extending northward from western Texas to South Dakota.

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The Ogallala Aquifer stretches across several of our midwestern states and is considered one of the largest aquifers in the world.  An aquifer is considered an underwater storage area for groundwater.  Water becomes trapped between two layers of impermeable rock, and the water is conducted through this natural pipeline.  Currently, the Ogallala Aquifer is having more water removed than is being replaced by the Earths natural water cycle.  It is important to understand the breakdown of fresh water as it occurs in its liquid natural state on Earth.  70 to 75% of the Earth is water, but most of it is salt water, unusable for human, animal, and most plant consumption.  3% of all that water is fresh water, but only 1% is available in liquid form.  So there is a very limited amount of fresh water available to supply the water needs of all living creatures and plants on Earth at any given time.  The water cycle is the cycle that processes the Earth's supply of fresh water.  If you disrupt any part of the water cycle, you hamper the recharging process of aquifers such as the Ogallala, and the groundwater levels in places such as Long Island.

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