How is gender a social construct?
In sociology, there is a distinction between sex and gender even though these terms are used interchangeably in common language. Sex is a biological fact while gender has to do with how people of given sex are supposed to act according to a given culture’s set of values.
Sex is objective, not a social construct. It is a matter of anatomy. But gender has to do with what our society says men or women should be like. In the US, males and females have certain roles assigned to them by society. This is gender. Our society constructs masculinity and femininity in specific ways. Men are supposed to be tough. They are supposed to be less emotional. Women are supposed to be less aggressive and more sensitive. These are aspects of gender that our society has, in a sense, made up. They are not inherent to male and female biology.
Thus, gender is a social construct. It is a set of expectations that society devises and assigns to people on the basis of their sex.
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